top of page


Selected Publications (* Students and Postdocs in the Gao group)

Yao*, Y., F. Artigas, S. Fan, and Y. Gao, Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Air Quality in Metropolitan New Jersey, 233:289,, 2022.

Fan*, S., Y. Gao, B. Lai, E.J. Elzinga, and S. Yu, Aerosol iron speciation and seasonal variation of iron oxidation state over the western Antarctic Peninsula, Science of the Total Environment, 824,, 2022.

Fan*, S., Y. Gao, R.M. Sherrell, S. Yu, and K. Bu, Concentrations, Particle-Size Distributions, and Dry Deposition Fluxes of Aerosol Trace Elements over the Antarctic Peninsula, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 21, 2105-2124,, 2021.

Yao*, Y., M. Glamoclija, A. Murphy, and Y. Gao, Characterization of microplastics in indoor and ambient air in northern New Jersey. Environmental Research, 112142, 2021.

Stanley, R, T. Bell, Y. Gao, C. Gaston, D. Ho, D. Kieber, K. Mackey, N. Meskhidze, B. Miller, H. Potter, P. Vlahos, P. Yager, B. Alexander, S. Beaupre, S. Craig, G. Cutter, S. Emerson, A. Frossard, S. Gasso, B. Haus, W. Keene, W. Landing, R. Moore, D. Ortiz-Suslow, J. Palter, F. Paulot, E. Saltzman, D. Thornton, A. Wozniak, L. Zamora, H. Benway, US SOLAS Science Plan, DOI 10.1575/1912/27821, 2021.


Baker, A.R., M. Kanakidou, A. Nenes, S. Myriokefalitakis, P.L. Croot, R.A. Duce, Y. Gao, Cécile Guieu, A. Ito, T.D. Jickells, N.M. Mahowald, R. Middag, M.M.G. Perron, M.M. Sarin, R. Shelley, and D.R. Turner, Changing atmospheric acidity as a modulator of nutrient deposition and ocean biogeochemistry, Science Advances, 7, eabd8800, DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.abd8800, 2021.

Deng, J., Y. Gao,, J. Zhu, L. Li, S. Yu, K. Kawamura, and P. Fu, Molecular Markers for Fungal Spores and Biogenic SOA over the Antarctic Peninsula: Field Measurements and Modeling Results, Science of the Total Environment, DOI: 1016/j.scitotenv.2020.143089, 2021.

Mukherjee*, P., C.M. Marsay, S. Yu, C.S. Buck, W.M. Landing, and Y. Gao, Concentrations and size-distributions of water-soluble inorganic and organic species on aerosols over the Arctic Ocean observed during the US GEOTRACES Western Arctic Cruise GN01, Atmospheric Environment, 261, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2021.118569, 2021.

Xu*, G., L.Q. Chen, T.Y. Xu, S.C. He and Y. Gao, Distributions of Water-Soluble Ions in Size-Aggregated Aerosols over the Southern Ocean and Coastal Antarctica, Environmental Science: Processes & Impact, DOI: 10.1039/D1EM00089F, 2021.

Gao, Y., S. Yu, R.M. Sherrell, S. Fan, K. Bu, and J.R. Anderson, Particle‐size distributions and solubility of aerosol iron over the Antarctic Peninsula during austral summer. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 125,,2020.

Mukherjee*, P., J.R. Reinfelder, and Y. Gao, Enrichment of Calcium in Sea Spray Aerosol in the Arctic Summer Atmosphere, Marine Chemistry, 227,, 2020.

Gao, Y., C.M. Marsay, S. Yu, S. Fan, P. Mukherjee, C.M. Buck, W.M. Landing, Particle-size variability of aerosol iron and impact on iron solubility and dry deposition fluxes to the Arctic Ocean, Scientific Reports,, 2019. 

Ito, A., S. Myriokefalitakis, M. Kanakidou, N.M. Mahowald, R.A. Scanza, D.S. Hamilton, A.R. Baker, T. Jickells, M. Sarin, S. Bikkina, Y. Gao, R.U. Shelley, C.S. Buck, W.M. Landing, A.R. Bowie, M.M.G. Perron, C. Guieu, N. Meskhidze, M.S. Johnson, Y. Feng, J.F. Kok, A. Nenes, R.A. Duce, Pyrogenic iron: The missing link to high iron solubility in aerosols, Science Advances, 5: eaau7671, 2019.

Mukherjee*, P., M. Glamocliga, and Y. Gao, Insignificant Impact of Freezing and Compaction on Iron Solubility in Natural Snow, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, 1-24, DOI 10.1007/s10874-018-9375-2, 2018.

Ingall, E. D., Y. Feng, A. F. Longo, B. Lai, R. U. Shelley, W. M. Landing, P. L. Morton, A. Nenes, N. Mihalopoulos, K. Violaki, Y. Gao, S. Sahai, and E. Castorina, Enhanced Iron Solubility at Low pH in Global Aerosols, Atmosphere, 9(5), 201; doi:10.3390/atmos9050201, 2018.


Xu*, G., and Y. Gao, Characterization of Atmospheric Iron Speciation and Acid Processing at Metropolitan Newark on the US East Coast, Atmosphere, 8, 66, 1-12, doi:10.3390/atmos8040066, 2017.

Zhan*, J., Y. Gao, W. Li, L. Chen, H. Lin, and Q. Lin, Characteristic of major ionic species and carbonaceous components in the aerosols at Ny-Ålesund in the summer Arctic, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 8 (2), 383-393, 2017.

Roberts-Semple*, D., and Y. Gao, Pollution and Climate-Induced Respiratory Health Effects: Do National Standards Adequately Provided a Safe Threshold for NOX and O3 in Urban New Jersey?, The Athens Journal of Sciences, 2017.

Gao, Y., P. Mukherjee, and R. Jusino-Atresino, The air-coastal sea chemical exchange: A case study on the New Jersey coast, Aquatic Geochemistry, 1-15, DOI: 10.1007/s10498-015-9285-8, 2016.

Mukherjee*, P. and Y. Gao, Efficiency of Organic Ligands in Adsorptive Dissolution and Photo Reductive Dissolution of Hematite, International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13 (5), DOI 10.1007/s13762-016-0975-6, 1195-1206, 2016.

Jusino-Atresino*, R., J. Anderson, and Y. Gao, Ionic and Elemental Composition of PM2.5 Aerosols over the Caribbean Sea in the Tropical Atlantic, accepted with minor revision, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, DOI 10.1007/s10874-016-9337-5, 2016.

Xu*, G. and Y. Gao, Characterization of marine aerosol and precipitation through shipboard observations on the transect between 31°N-32°S in the west Pacific, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 6, 154-161, 2015.

Xu*, G. and Y. Gao, Atmospheric trace elements in aerosols observed over the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica, Polar Research, 33, 23973,, 2014.

Zhan*, J. Y. Gao, W. Li, L. Chen, H. Lin, and Q. Lin, Effects of ship emissions on summertime aerosols at Ny-Ålesund in the Arctic, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 5, 500-510, 2014.

Zhan*, J., and Y. Gao, Impact of summertime anthropogenic emissions on atmospheric black carbon at Ny-A°lesund in the Arctic, Polar Research, 33, 21821,, 2014.

Gao, Y., G. Xu, J. Zhan, J. Zhang, W. Li, Q. Lin, L. Chen, and H. Lin, Spatial and particle-size distributions of atmospheric dissolved iron in aerosols and its input to the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118, 12,634-12,648, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD020367, 2013.

Xu*, G., Y. Gao, Q. Lin, W. Li, and L. Chen, Characteristics of water-soluble inorganic and organic ions in aerosols over the Southern Ocean and coastal East Antarctica during austral summer, Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres, 118, 13,303-13,318, DOI: 10.1002/2013JD019496, 2013.

Roberts-Semple*, D., and Y. Gao, Evaluation of air pollution, local meteorology and urban public health, International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 16(1/2), 160–177, DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2013.050656, 2013.

Morton, P., W. Landing, A. Milne, A. Aguilar-Islas, A. Baker, M. Baskaran, C. Buck, Y. Gao, S. Gichuki, M. Hastings, M. Hatta, S. Hsu, A. Johansen, R. Losno, C. Mead, Methods for the sampling and analysis of marine aerosols: results from the 2008 GEOTRACES aerosol intercalibration experiment, Limnology & Oceanography, 11, 62-78, 2013.

Chen, L., J. Wang, Y. Gao, G. Xu, X. Yang, Q. Lin, Y. Zhang, Latitudinal distributions of atmospheric MSA and MSA/nss-SO42- ratios in summer over the high latitude regions of the southern and northern hemispheres, J. Geophys. Res., 117, D10306, 10pp, doi:10.1029/2011JD016559, 2012.

Roberts-Semple*, D., F. Song, and Y. Gao Seasonal characteristics of ambient nitrogen oxides and ground-level ozone in metropolitan northeastern New Jersey, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 3 (2), 247-257, doi: 10.5094/APR.2012.027, 2012.

Song*, F., and Y. Gao, Size distributions of trace elements associated with ambient particular matter in the affinity of a major highway in the New Jersey-New York metropolitan area, Atmospheric Environment, 45, 6714-6723, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.08.031, 2011.

Song*, F., J. Y. Shin, R. Jusino-Atresino, and Y. Gao, Relationships among the Springtime Ground-level NOx, O3 and NO3 in the Vicinity of Highways in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 2, 374-383, doi:10.5094/APR.2011.042, 2011.

Elzinga, E.J., Y. Gao, J.P. Fitts, R. Tappero, Iron speciation in urban dust, Atmospheric Environment, 45, 4528-4532, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.05.042, 2011.

Xia*, L., and Y. Gao, Characterization of Trace Elements in PM2.5 Aerosols in the Vicinity of Highways in Northeast New Jersey in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Pollution Research, 2, 34-33, 2011.

Luo, C., and Y. Gao, Aeolian Iron Mobilization by Dust-Acids Interactions and Its Implication for Soluble Iron Deposition to the Ocean: A Test Involving Potential Anthropogenic Organic Acidic Specie, Environmental Chemistry, 7, 153-161, 2010. 

Xia*, L., and Y. Gao, Chemical Composition and Size Distributions of Coastal Aerosols Observed on the US East Coast, Marine Chemistry, 119, 77-90, 2010. 

Song*, F., and Y. Gao, Chemical characteristic of precipitation at metropolitan Newark in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Environment, 43, 4903-4913, 2009. 

Zhao*, Y, and Y. Gao, Mass size distributions of water-soluble inorganic and organic ions in size segregated aerosols over metropolitan Newark in the US East Coast, Atmospheric Environment, 42, 4063-4078, 2008.

Zhao*, Y., and Y. Gao, Acidic species and chloride depletion in coarse aerosol particles in the US east coast, Science of the Total Environment, doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2008.09.002, 407, 541-547, 2008.

Xu*, N, and Y. Gao, Characterization of hematite dissolution affected by oxalate coating, kinetics and pH, Applied Geochemistry, 23, 783–793, 2008.

Gao, Z, Chen, L, and Gao, Y, Air-sea carbon fluxes and their controlling factors in the Prydz Bay in the Antarctic, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 27 (3), 136-146, 2008.

Berman-Frank, I, Y.-B. Chen, Y. Gao, K. Fennel, M. Follows, A. Milligan and P. Falkowski, Feedbacks between the nitrogen, carbon, and oxygen cycles. In Nitrogen in the Marine Environment, D.G. Capone, D.A. Bronk, M.R. Mulholland and E.J. Carpenter (eds), Elsevier, Inc., doi: 10.106/B978-0-12-372522-6.00035-9, 1537-1563, 2008.

Ayars*, J., and Y. Gao, Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to the Mullica River-Great Bay Ecosystem, Marine Environmental Research, 64, 590-600, 2007.

Yang*, H., and Y. Gao, Air-to-sea flux of soluble iron: Is it driven more by HNO3 or SO2? 
- An examination in the light of dust aging, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 7, 10043-10063, 2007.

Gao, Y., J.R. Anderson, and X. Hua, Dust characteristics over the North Pacific observed 
through shipboard measurements during the ACE-Asia Experiment, Atmospheric Environment, 41 (36), 7907-7922, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.06.060, 2007.

Gao, Y., M. Kennish, and A.M. Flynn, Atmospheric deposition of nitrogen to New Jersey coastal waters and its implications for nutrient enrichment and biotic impacts, Journal of the Ecological Society of America, S31-S41, 2007.

Gao, Y., S-M Fan, and J. L. Sarmiento, Aeolian iron input to the ocean through precipitation scavenging: A modeling perspective and its implication for natural iron fertilization in the ocean, Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, D7, 4221, doi:10.1029/2002JD002420, 2003.

Gao, Y., Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to Barnegat Bay, Atmospheric Environment, 36 (38), 5783-5794, 2002.

Gao, Y., E. Nelson, M.P. Field, Q. Ding et al., Characterization of atmospheric trace elements in PM2.5 particulate matter over the New York-New Jersey harbor estuary, Atmospheric Environment, 36 (6), 1077-1086, 2002.

Gao, Y., Y. J. Kaufman, D. Tanre, D. Kolber, and P. G. Falkowski, Seasonal distributions of aeolian iron fluxes to the global ocean, Geophysical Research Letters, 28 (1), 29-32, 2001. 

Gao, Y., and J. Anderson, Characteristics of Chinese aerosols determined by individual-particle analyses, Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 18,037-18045, 2001.

Gao, Y., Atmospheric nitrogen deposition to New Jersey coastal waters: A case study in Barnegat Bay, JerseyShoreline, 19 (4), 1-3, 2000. 

Gao, Y., Atmospheric deposition of trace elements to the New York-New Jersey Harbor estuary, in: Proceedings of the Significance of Atmospheric pollutant loading to the New York-New Jersey Harbor Estuary and Watershed, pp. 8-11, 2000. 

Gao, Y., Atmospheric chemistry and transport of Asian dust, in: The Health of the Yellow Sea (Eds. G. H. Hong, J. Zhang, and B. K. Park), 251-280, The Earth Love Publication Association, Seoul, 1998.

Liu, Y., L. X. Ren, L. Y. Zhou, M. Y. Zhou, and Y. Gao, Numerical simulation of a dust storm weather system and the transfer process of dust aerosols, Scientia Atmospherica Sinica, 22, 905-912, 1998. 

Sherrell, R. M., M. P. Field, and Y. Gao, Temporal variability of suspended mass and composition in the northeast Pacific water column: relationships to sinking flux and lateral advection, Deep-Sea Research, 733-761, 1998.

Gao, Y. Atmospheric deposition investigating our “Air”-sea, JerseyShoreline, 18 (2), 1998. 

Gao, Y. and R. A. Duce, The air-sea chemical exchange in coastal oceans, Advance in Earth Sciences, 6, 551-563, 1997.

Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce, M. Y. Zhou, L. Q. Chen, X. Y. Zhang, G. Y. Zhang, and Z. S. An, Temporal and spatial distribution of dust and its total deposition to the China Sea, Tellus, 49B, 172-189, 1997.

Arimoto, R., Y. Gao, M. Zhou, D. S. Lee, L. Chen, D. Gu, Z. Wang, Atmospheric deposition of trace elements to the western Pacific Basin, in: Atmospheric Deposition of Contaminants to the Great Lakes and Coastal Waters, edited by J. E. Baker, SETAC Press, Pensacola, FL, pp. 209-225, 1997.

Gao, Y, R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce, L. Q. Chen, M. Y. Zhou, and D. Y. Gu, Atmospheric non-sea-salt sulfate, nitrate, and Methanesulfonate over the China Sea, Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 12,601-12,611, 1996. 

Gao, Y. Mineral aerosol and non-sea-salt sulfate aerosol over inland China and its coastal regions: sources, concentrations, and air-to-sea deposition, in: Proceedings of the PRC’s Second National Conference for young scientists in Mineralogy Petrology and Geochemistry, Guiyang, PRC,26 - 30 July 1993, State Seismology Press, Beijing, 287-288, 1993. 

Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce. Atmospheric aerosols over eastern Asia and their impact on the regional atmospheric environment, in: Proceedings of International Conference on Regional Environment and Climate Changes in East Asia, 30 November - 3 December 1993, Taipei, National Taiwan University ISBN957-9019-40-1, Taipei, 78-82, 1993. 

Chen, L., P.F. Gao., Y.H. Zhang, Q.Yu, R. Arimoto, Y. Gao, and R.A. Duce, The atmospheric characteristics of marine aerosols over Xiamen, Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 15 (2), 24-32, 1993. 


Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, M. T. Zhou, J. T. Merrill, and R. A. Duce, Relationships between the dust concentrations over eastern Asia and the remote North Pacific, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 9867-9872, 1992a.


Gao, Y., R. Arimoto, R. A. Duce, D. S. Lee, and M. Y. Zhou, Input of atmospheric trace elements and mineral matter to the Yellow Sea during the spring of a low dust year, Journal of Geophysical Research, 97, 3767-3777, 1992b.

bottom of page